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WHO COLLABORATING CENTRE – ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE
  
 
 
STUDY ON ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE IN ENTERIC PATHOGENS
  

Investigation on the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in enteric pathogens, Salmonella Typhi and S. Paratyphi, Shigella and Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) worldwide

  

We encourage all scientists to take part on this global survey by reporting summarised annual data on antimicrobial resistance in S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi A, B and C (excluding S. Paratyphi B serovar Java), STEC and Shigella isolated in your countries from 2003 to 2007.
  
This epidemiological study would help to clarify the incidence and distribution of these diseases from a global perspective.
  
The data obtained from this survey intends to draw attention to initiate programmes for prevention and control of these invasive diseases, and to take actions to minimise the level of antimicrobial resistance. Furthermore, these data may also provide guidelines to improve the empiric treatment in order to minimise the usage of critical important antimicrobials for human health.
  
Below you find all relevant information and protocols organized by language.
Information and protocol in English
  
Letter and protocol, English
Letter and protocol, English
(PDF document, 20 KB)
Annual data, S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi, English
Annual data, STEC and Shigella, English
 
 
 
Information and protocol in French
   
Letter and protocol, French
Letter and protocol, French
(PDF document, 20 KB)
Annual data, S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi, French
Annual data, STEC and Shigella, French
 
 
 
Information and protocol in Spanish
   
Letter and protocol, Spanish
Letter and protocol, Spanish
(PDF document, 20 KB)
Annual data, S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi, Spanish
Annual data, STEC and Shigella, Spanish
 
 
 
Information and protocol in Portuguese
   Letter and protocol, Portuguese
Letter and protocol, Portuguese
(PDF document, 20 KB)
Annual data, S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi, Portuguese
Annual data, STEC and Shigella, Portuguese
 
 
 
Information and protocol in Chinese
  Letter and protocol, Chinese
Letter and protocol, Chinese
(PDF document, 170 KB)
Annual data, S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi, Chinese
Annual data, STEC and Shigella, Chinese
 
 
 
Information and protocol in Russian
  
Letter and protocol, Russian
Letter and protocol, Russian
(PDF document, 120 KB)
Annual data, S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi, Russian
Annual data, STEC and Shigella, Russian